Why Is Philosophy Not an Exact Science?


Diego Sanchez

Philosophy, often referred to as the love of wisdom, is a subject that has puzzled and fascinated people for centuries. Unlike the natural sciences such as physics or chemistry, philosophy is not an exact science.

This means that it does not follow a set of precise rules or formulas, nor does it rely on empirical evidence or experimentation to support its arguments. Instead, philosophy deals with concepts and ideas that are often abstract and difficult to define.

One reason why philosophy is not an exact science is that it deals with complex and subjective concepts. For example, ethics is a branch of philosophy that deals with questions of right and wrong behavior.

Unlike the natural sciences which deal with objective facts, ethics involves subjective judgments about what constitutes good or bad behavior. As a result, ethical arguments cannot be proven or disproven in the same way that scientific theories can be tested and verified.

Another reason why philosophy is not an exact science is that it often involves logical reasoning rather than empirical evidence. Logical arguments are based on premises (statements assumed to be true) and conclusions (statements derived from those premises).

However, even if the premises are true, it does not necessarily mean that the conclusion is also true. This means that philosophical arguments can often lead to different conclusions depending on how one interprets the premises.

Moreover, philosophy also involves questioning fundamental assumptions about reality and existence. For example, metaphysics deals with questions about the nature of reality itself – what exists and what doesn’t exist?

What is the relationship between mind and body? These are questions for which there may be no clear answers or empirical evidence.

In addition to dealing with complex concepts and relying on logical reasoning rather than empirical evidence, philosophy also allows for diverse perspectives and interpretations. Philosophers often have different opinions on certain issues based on their personal beliefs or cultural backgrounds. This diversity of thought can make it challenging to arrive at a consensus on certain philosophical issues.

In conclusion, while philosophy may not be an exact science, it is nevertheless a valuable and important field of study. It allows us to question the assumptions we make about the world around us, and to explore complex ideas that cannot be explained by natural science alone. Though it may not provide clear answers or empirical evidence, it can help us to understand the world in a deeper and more meaningful way.