Why Is Philosophy Considered Science?


Vincent White

Philosophy is often considered a field of study that deals with abstract concepts and theoretical ideas. But did you know that philosophy is also considered a science? In this article, we will explore the reasons why philosophy is considered science.

The Definition of Philosophy

To understand why philosophy is considered a science, we must first understand what philosophy means. Philosophy comes from the Greek word “philosophia,” which means “love of wisdom.” It is a discipline that seeks to understand the nature of reality, existence, and knowledge through rational inquiry and logical reasoning.

The Methods of Philosophy

Philosophy uses various methods to investigate these fundamental questions about reality and knowledge. One method is conceptual analysis, where philosophers analyze the meanings of concepts such as truth, justice, and beauty. Another method is logical reasoning, where philosophers use arguments to support their claims and refute opposing arguments.

The Similarities between Philosophy and Science

The methods used in philosophy are similar to those used in science. Both disciplines use rational inquiry to investigate the natural world and seek to understand its workings.

Science uses empirical evidence gathered through experiments and observations to test hypotheses about the natural world. Similarly, philosophy uses logical reasoning to test hypotheses about the nature of reality and knowledge.

The Overlapping Areas Between Philosophy and Science

There are also areas where philosophy overlaps with certain sciences. For example, metaphysics, which is a branch of philosophy concerned with the nature of reality, has overlapping interests with physics. Epistemology, another branch of philosophy concerned with knowledge acquisition, has overlapping interests with cognitive psychology.

The Importance Of Philosophy In Science

Philosophy also plays an important role in guiding scientific inquiry. Philosophical debates over issues such as causation, determinism versus free will, and scientific realism versus anti-realism have implications for how scientists approach their research.


In conclusion, philosophy is considered a science because it uses rational inquiry and logical reasoning to investigate fundamental questions about reality and knowledge. The methods used in philosophy are similar to those used in science, and there are areas where the two disciplines overlap.

Philosophical debates also have important implications for scientific inquiry. Therefore, philosophy should be considered a valuable field of study for anyone interested in understanding the world around them.