Why Is Philosophy Also Called as Science?


Jane Flores

Philosophy is an age-old discipline that has been studied by scholars and thinkers for centuries. It is often referred to as the “mother of all sciences” because it was the first discipline to investigate the fundamental questions that underlie all other fields of study.

But why is philosophy also called science? In this article, we’ll explore the relationship between philosophy and science and examine why they are often seen as two sides of the same coin.

What Is Philosophy?

At its core, philosophy is a discipline that seeks to answer some of life’s biggest questions. These questions include:

  • What is the nature of reality?
  • What is the meaning of life?
  • How do we know what we know?

Philosophy uses reason and critical thinking to examine these questions and arrive at answers. Unlike other sciences, philosophy does not rely on empirical data or experimentation but instead focuses on logic and argumentation.

The Relationship Between Philosophy and Science

While philosophy and science may seem like two distinct fields of study, they are actually closely related. In fact, many philosophers throughout history have made significant contributions to scientific thought.

One example of this is Aristotle, who was not only a philosopher but also a scientist. He made important contributions to fields such as biology, physics, and metaphysics. Another example is René Descartes, who was a philosopher but also made important contributions to mathematics and physics.

Why Is Philosophy Also Called Science?

So why do some people refer to philosophy as a science? One reason is that both disciplines share a common approach to knowledge acquisition. Both use reason and critical thinking to arrive at conclusions.

Additionally, both disciplines seek to uncover universal truths about the world around us. While science may focus on physical laws and natural phenomena, philosophy seeks to understand more abstract concepts such as morality, ethics, and the human experience.


In conclusion, philosophy and science are two closely related disciplines that share many similarities. While philosophy may not rely on empirical data or experimentation like other sciences, it still uses reason and critical thinking to arrive at conclusions. So the next time you hear someone refer to philosophy as a science, remember that there is more to this field of study than meets the eye.