Existentialism is a philosophy that emphasizes individual existence, freedom and choice. Humanism, on the other hand, is a philosophy that emphasizes the value and agency of humans.

According to Jean-Paul Sartre, these two philosophies are intertwined and inseparable. In this article, we will explore why Sartre believed that humanism means existentialism.

The Meaning of Humanism

Humanism is a philosophical and ethical stance that emphasizes the value and agency of human beings, individually and collectively. It is based on the belief that humans have inherent worth and dignity, and should be treated as such. Humanists believe in reason, ethics and justice, and reject supernatural explanations for human behavior.

The Meaning of Existentialism

Existentialism is a philosophical movement that emphasizes individual existence, freedom and choice. It is rooted in the belief that individuals must create meaning for themselves in an indifferent or hostile world. Existentialists reject the notion of an objective reality or universal morality, instead emphasizing subjective experience and personal responsibility.

Sartre: The Connection between Humanism and Existentialism

Jean-Paul Sartre was a French philosopher who played a key role in developing existentialist thought. He believed that humanism was inseparable from existentialism because both philosophies emphasize individual freedom and responsibility.

Sartre argued that human beings are fundamentally free to choose their own destiny, but with this freedom comes great responsibility. He believed that individuals must create their own meaning in life through conscious choice and action.

According to Sartre, human beings are not defined by their past experiences or social roles but by their present actions. He rejected the notion of an objective reality or universal morality because he believed that individuals must create their own values based on their unique experiences.

In Sartre’s view, existentialist philosophy leads naturally to humanist ethics because it emphasizes the value and agency of individual human beings. Humanism, then, is the practical application of existentialist philosophy.

Conclusion

In conclusion, Jean-Paul Sartre believed that humanism means existentialism because both philosophies emphasize individual freedom and responsibility. For Sartre, human beings are fundamentally free to create their own meaning in life through conscious choice and action. Existentialist philosophy leads naturally to humanist ethics because it emphasizes the value and agency of individual human beings.