Charles Darwin proposed the theory of evolution by natural selection. Darwin was an English naturalist who lived in the 19th century. He is widely recognized as one of the most influential figures in the history of science.

The Theory of Evolution by Natural Selection

The theory of evolution by natural selection is a scientific explanation for the diversity of life on Earth. It proposes that all living organisms have descended from a common ancestor and have evolved over time through a process called natural selection.

Natural selection is the idea that organisms with advantageous traits are more likely to survive and reproduce than those without them. As a result, over time, these advantageous traits become more common in the population, while disadvantageous traits become less common.

Charles Darwin’s Life

Charles Darwin was born in 1809 in Shrewsbury, England. He was interested in nature from a young age and spent much of his childhood exploring the countryside around his home.

In 1831, Darwin joined an expedition to South America aboard the HMS Beagle. During this voyage, he collected many specimens and made many observations about the natural world. It was during this trip that he began to develop his ideas about evolution by natural selection.

After returning from his voyage, Darwin spent many years studying and researching his ideas. In 1859, he published his famous book “On the Origin of Species,” which presented his theory of evolution by natural selection to the world.

The Impact of Charles Darwin’s Theory

Darwin’s theory had a profound impact on science and society. It revolutionized our understanding of how life on Earth has developed and changed over time.

However, it also sparked controversy and debate. Some people were uncomfortable with the idea that humans could be related to other animals or that life could have evolved without divine intervention.

Despite these challenges, Darwin’s theory has stood up to scientific scrutiny and has been supported by a wealth of evidence from many different fields of study.


Charles Darwin proposed the theory of evolution by natural selection, which explains how all living organisms have evolved over time. His ideas have had a profound impact on science and society, and they continue to be studied and refined by scientists today.