The theory of evolution has been a topic of discussion and debate for many years. It is the scientific explanation that describes how all living organisms have evolved over time from a common ancestor.

The theory is widely accepted in the scientific community, but who originated it? Let’s delve into the history and find out.

Charles Darwin

One name that immediately comes to mind when we talk about evolution is Charles Darwin. He was an English naturalist who developed the theory of evolution by natural selection in 1859. Darwin’s theory proposed that all species of organisms arise and develop through the natural selection of small, inherited variations that increase their ability to compete, survive and reproduce.

Darwin’s work was based on extensive research and observations he made during his voyage on HMS Beagle. He wrote many books on the subject, including “On the Origin of Species,” which provided significant evidence supporting his theory.

Alfred Russel Wallace

While Darwin is often credited with originating the theory of evolution, another name that often goes unnoticed is Alfred Russel Wallace. Wallace was a British naturalist who independently proposed a similar theory to Darwin in 1858.

Wallace’s idea was based on his observations during his travels in Southeast Asia and South America. He sent his findings to Darwin, who recognized their similarities to his own work and presented them jointly with Wallace’s at a scientific meeting in 1858.


In conclusion, while Charles Darwin is often credited with originating the theory of evolution, Alfred Russel Wallace played an equally important role in its development. Both scientists made significant contributions to our understanding of how living organisms have evolved over time through natural selection.

It’s essential to acknowledge both individuals’ efforts as it takes collective knowledge and collaboration to advance science further. Their work has laid the foundation for modern evolutionary biology and continues to inspire new research today.


  1. “Darwin’s Theory of Evolution.” National Geographic Society. Accessed July 15, 2021.
  2. “Alfred Russel Wallace.” Encyclopedia Britannica.

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  3. “Darwin and Natural Selection.” American Museum of Natural”>