Charles Darwin is the naturalist who is famous for the theory of evolution. He was a British scientist who lived from 1809 to 1882.

Darwin’s theory of evolution revolutionized the way we think about the natural world and our place in it. Let’s dive deeper into his life and work.

Early Life

Darwin was born in Shrewsbury, England, on February 12, 1809. His father was a doctor, and his mother died when he was just eight years old. Darwin’s family was part of the wealthy upper class in England, which allowed him to pursue his interests and education.

Educational Background

Darwin attended the University of Edinburgh to study medicine but found it uninteresting. He then transferred to Cambridge University to study natural science, where he developed a passion for geology and botany.

After graduating from Cambridge, Darwin went on a five-year voyage around the world on HMS Beagle as an unpaid naturalist. This expedition would prove crucial to his later work on evolution.

The Theory of Evolution

Darwin’s theory of evolution states that all species of organisms arise and develop through the natural selection process over time. This means that those with traits better suited for their environment are more likely to survive and reproduce than those without those traits.

This theory challenged the traditional religious beliefs about creationism and sparked controversy among scientists and religious leaders alike. However, over time, Darwin’s theory has become widely accepted as one of the most important scientific ideas in history.


Darwin’s work has had a profound impact on many fields beyond biology, including psychology, anthropology, and philosophy. His ideas have influenced how we understand ourselves as human beings and our relationship with other living creatures.

In recognition of his contributions to science, Darwin was buried in Westminster Abbey after his death in 1882.


Charles Darwin was a pioneering naturalist whose theory of evolution has had a lasting impact on our understanding of the natural world. His life and work continue to inspire scientists and thinkers around the world.