The Social Reproduction Theory is a concept that helps us understand how social structures and institutions reproduce themselves over time. This theory highlights the interdependence between the economic, political, and cultural systems of society. It emphasizes the role of education, family, and other social institutions in maintaining and reproducing social inequality.

So who has given this theory? The Social Reproduction Theory was first introduced by French sociologist Pierre Bourdieu in the 1970s. Bourdieu argued that social inequality is not just the result of individual differences in talent or ability but is also perpetuated by the way society is structured.

Bourdieu’s theory was further developed by feminist scholars such as Nancy Fraser and Sylvia Walby. They expanded the concept to include gender as a central aspect of social reproduction. According to their perspective, women’s unpaid reproductive labor plays a crucial role in maintaining capitalist economies through producing future generations of workers.

Another important contributor to this theory was Marxist sociologist David Harvey. Harvey argued that capitalism reproduces itself through various mechanisms such as urbanization, land ownership, and financial markets. He also emphasized the importance of class struggle in shaping these mechanisms.

In recent years, scholars such as Tithi Bhattacharya have extended this theory to include global capitalism and its impact on marginalized communities worldwide. Bhattacharya argues that social reproduction under global capitalism is characterized by exploitation, dispossession, and environmental degradation.

In conclusion, the Social Reproduction Theory has been developed over several decades by various scholars from different disciplines. It provides us with a useful framework for understanding how social structures and institutions maintain themselves over time through mechanisms such as education, family, gender roles, class struggle, urbanization, land ownership, financial markets, and global capitalism.