Marxian Theory of Social Change is one of the most influential and widely studied concepts in the field of sociology. It is a theory that seeks to explain how societies change over time, and the factors that contribute to this change.

But who was the mastermind behind this theory? Let’s delve deeper into the history and explore who gave Marxian Theory of Social Change.

Karl Marx

Karl Marx was a German philosopher, economist, and sociologist who lived from 1818 to 1883. He is widely regarded as one of the most important thinkers in modern history and his ideas have had a profound impact on social, political, and economic thought around the world.

The Communist Manifesto

Marx’s most famous work is undoubtedly The Communist Manifesto, which he co-authored with Friedrich Engels in 1848. The Communist Manifesto was a political pamphlet that argued for the overthrow of capitalism and the establishment of a socialist society.

Capitalism

Marx believed that capitalism was inherently flawed and would eventually collapse under its own weight. He argued that capitalism created wealth inequality, exploited workers, and concentrated power in the hands of a small elite. Marx believed that these contradictions within capitalism would eventually lead to a revolution by the working class.

Historical Materialism

Marx’s theory of historical materialism is central to his understanding of social change. According to Marx, human societies evolve through different stages based on their material conditions. He argued that each stage had its own set of contradictions which would eventually lead to its downfall.

Class Struggle

Marx saw class struggle as the driving force behind social change. He believed that society was divided into two main classes: the ruling class (bourgeoisie) and the working class (proletariat). Marx argued that the interests of these two classes were fundamentally opposed and that conflict between them was inevitable.

Conclusion

In conclusion, Marxian Theory of Social Change was developed by Karl Marx, a German philosopher, economist, and sociologist who lived from 1818 to 1883. Marx’s ideas about capitalism, historical materialism, and class struggle have had a profound impact on social, political, and economic thought around the world. The Communist Manifesto remains one of the most influential political texts ever written and continues to inspire social movements to this day.