The theory of evolution is widely regarded as one of the most significant scientific discoveries in human history. It has revolutionized our understanding of the natural world and how we perceive our place in it. The man credited with discovering the theory of evolution is none other than Charles Darwin.

The Life and Times of Charles Darwin

Charles Robert Darwin was born on February 12th, 1809, in Shrewsbury, England. He was the fifth of six children born to wealthy society doctor, Robert Darwin, and his wife Susannah. From a young age, Charles showed a keen interest in nature and science, spending much of his free time exploring the countryside around his home.

The Origin of Species

In 1831, at the age of 22, Charles joined a scientific expedition aboard the HMS Beagle that would take him on a five-year journey around the world. During this time, he made numerous observations about plants and animals and collected specimens that he would later use to support his theory.

Upon his return to England in 1836, Darwin spent several years analyzing his findings before finally publishing his landmark book “On the Origin of Species” in 1859. The book presented evidence for how species could evolve over time through natural selection – a process whereby those organisms best adapted to their environment are more likely to survive and reproduce.

Controversy Surrounding Darwin’s Theory

Darwin’s theory was met with fierce opposition from many members of the religious community who felt that it contradicted their belief in divine creation. However, over time, as more evidence supporting evolution was uncovered, Darwin’s ideas gained wider acceptance within the scientific community.

Today, evolution by natural selection is widely accepted as a fundamental principle of biology and has helped us understand how life on Earth has changed over billions of years.


In conclusion, Charles Darwin is credited with discovering the theory of evolution, which has revolutionized our understanding of the natural world. His groundbreaking work on natural selection has had a profound impact on science and continues to shape our view of the world around us today.