Social Justice Theory is a concept that aims to achieve equality, fairness, and justice in society. It is a widely discussed topic in today’s world, but do you know who developed the Social Justice Theory? In this article, we will explore the history of the theory and its origins.

The Origins of Social Justice Theory

The origins of Social Justice Theory can be traced back to the works of John Rawls. Rawls was a political philosopher who published a book titled “A Theory of Justice” in 1971.

In this book, Rawls presented his ideas on how to create a just society. He argued that justice should be based on two principles: First, everyone should have equal rights and opportunities. Second, social and economic inequalities should only be allowed if they benefit the least advantaged members of society.

The Evolution of Social Justice Theory

After Rawls’ book was published, many other scholars started working on Social Justice Theory. One of the most influential scholars was Amartya Sen. Sen’s work focused on the idea that justice should not only be based on equality but also on capabilities. He argued that people should have the freedom to choose their own goals and opportunities.

Another important scholar who contributed to the development of Social Justice Theory was Martha Nussbaum. Nussbaum’s work focused on human capabilities as well. She argued that people should have access to resources like education and healthcare so they can develop their full potential.

The Principles of Social Justice Theory

Social Justice Theory is based on several principles:

The Importance of Social Justice Theory

Social Justice Theory is important because it provides a framework for creating a more just society. By understanding the principles of Social Justice Theory, we can work towards creating policies and practices that promote equality and fairness. It also helps us to identify and challenge inequalities in society.


In conclusion, Social Justice Theory was developed by John Rawls and has since evolved with the contributions of many other scholars. The theory is based on principles of equality, diversity, participation, and human rights. Understanding Social Justice Theory is crucial for creating a more just society where everyone has equal opportunities and their basic rights are protected.