Bandura Social Learning Theory, also known as Social Cognitive Theory, was developed by Canadian psychologist Albert Bandura in the 1970s.

Overview of Bandura Social Learning Theory

Bandura’s theory suggests that individuals learn from one another through observation, imitation, and modeling. According to Bandura, learning occurs within a social context and is influenced by both cognitive and environmental factors. This means that an individual’s behavior is not solely determined by their environment or their thoughts and feelings but is rather a complex interplay between the two.

The Role of Observational Learning in Bandura’s Theory

Observational learning is a key component of Bandura’s theory. This type of learning occurs when an individual observes the behavior of others and then imitates it. The behavior observed can be either positive or negative, and the individual observing can learn from both types of behaviors.

Self-Efficacy in Bandura’s Theory

Another important element of Bandura’s theory is self-efficacy. Self-efficacy refers to an individual’s belief in their ability to succeed at a particular task or in a specific situation. According to Bandura, an individual’s self-efficacy can influence their motivation, behavior, and performance.

Applications of Bandura’s Theory

Bandura’s theory has numerous applications across various fields such as education, psychology, and business. For example, educators can use observational learning techniques in the classroom by having students observe positive role models or teachers demonstrating desirable behaviors.

In addition, businesses can use Bandura’s theory to train employees by having them observe experienced workers performing tasks correctly or providing feedback that enhances self-efficacy.


In conclusion, Albert Bandura’s Social Learning Theory has been influential in understanding how individuals learn from their environment through observation and imitation. Additionally, his emphasis on self-efficacy has significant implications for motivation, behavior, and performance. With its many applications, Bandura’s theory continues to be relevant in numerous fields today.