When Did the Work of Hegel Phenomenology of Spirit Been Published?


Martha Robinson

The work of Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, ‘Phenomenology of Spirit’, is a philosophical masterpiece that has influenced generations of scholars and thinkers. It is a complex and profound book that is considered one of the most important works in the history of philosophy.

But when was it published? Let’s take a closer look.


Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel was born in Stuttgart, Germany, on August 27, 1770. He studied philosophy at the University of Tübingen and later became a professor at the University of Jena. His work ‘Phenomenology of Spirit’ was written during his time in Jena, between 1804 and 1807.

The Publication

‘Phenomenology of Spirit’ was first published in 1807 by the publisher Friedrich Wilhelm Schelling in Bamberg, Germany. The first edition was relatively small, with only around 500 copies printed, but it quickly gained recognition as an important work in philosophy.

The book’s full title is ‘Phenomenology of Spirit: A Critical and Experimental Study of Mind’. It is divided into three main parts: consciousness, self-consciousness, and reason. Hegel uses various philosophical concepts such as dialectics and phenomenology to explore these topics.

The Impact

‘Phenomenology of Spirit’ had a significant impact on both contemporary and future philosophers. Its ideas about dialectics and historical development have influenced Marxist theory and existentialism. The book’s exploration of consciousness has also been influential in psychology.

Despite its impact, ‘Phenomenology of Spirit’ was not an immediate success. It took several years for it to gain recognition as an important philosophical work. However, by the mid-19th century, Hegelianism had become a major philosophical movement throughout Europe.


In conclusion, ‘Phenomenology of Spirit’ by Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel was published in 1807. It is a complex and influential philosophical work that has had a lasting impact on many fields, including philosophy, psychology, and politics. Its exploration of consciousness and historical development continue to be studied and debated today.