Music theory is the foundation of all music education. It is a branch of study that deals with the structure, elements, and principles of music.

Music theory helps us understand how music works and why it sounds the way it does. But before you dive into the world of music theory, there are a few things you should know.

1. Basic Music Notation: Before you start learning about scales, chords, and intervals, you need to be familiar with basic music notation.

Music notation is a system of symbols that represent musical sounds and rhythms. You need to know how to read sheet music and understand basic musical terms like tempo, dynamics, and articulation.

2. Ear Training: Ear training is an essential part of learning music theory.

It involves developing your ability to hear and identify different musical elements like intervals, chords, and rhythms. You can start by listening to simple melodies and identifying the notes or chords being played.

3. Basic Keyboard Skills:

Keyboard skills are not mandatory for learning music theory but they can be helpful in understanding certain concepts like scales and chords. Learning basic keyboard skills will also help you play basic melodies which will make ear training easier.

4. Basic Math:

Music theory involves a lot of math including fractions, ratios, and percentages. You don’t need to be a math genius but having a basic understanding of these concepts will make your life easier when dealing with time signatures or calculating intervals.

5. Musical Terminology: Like any subject area, learning about music theory involves picking up new vocabulary words that are specific to this field of study. Some examples include “cadence,” “harmony,” “pitch,” “rhythm,” “tempo,” etc.

6. Listening Skills:

One of the most important skills you need to develop when learning music theory is listening. You need to be able to identify different instruments and sounds, recognize different rhythms and melodies, and pick up on the nuances of a piece of music.

7. A Love for Music:

Last but not least, you need to have a genuine love for music. Learning music theory can be tough at times, but if you have a passion for music, it will make the journey much more enjoyable.

before embarking on your journey into music theory, make sure you have a strong foundation in basic music notation, ear training, basic keyboard skills, basic math concepts, musical terminology and listening skills. And most importantly, always remember to feed your passion for music!