What Philosophy Believes That Life Is Meaningless?


Martha Robinson

Philosophy has always been a discipline that encourages questioning our existence and the meaning of life. While some philosophers argue that life has a profound purpose, others believe that life is meaningless. In this article, we will explore what philosophy believes about the meaninglessness of life.

What is Philosophy?

Philosophy is the study of fundamental questions about existence, knowledge, ethics, and reality. Philosophers use reason and logic to analyze and understand these questions.

Philosophy’s View on Life

One of the fundamental questions that philosophy asks is whether life has any meaning or purpose. Some philosophers argue that life has a profound purpose, while others believe that life is meaningless.


Nihilism is a philosophical belief that argues that life has no intrinsic value or meaning. Nihilists claim that there are no objective moral values or principles in the universe. Everything we do and believe in is subjective and arbitrary.

One of the most famous nihilist philosophers was Friedrich Nietzsche. Nietzsche believed that human beings were just animals trying to survive in an indifferent universe. He argued that people create their own values and beliefs to cope with the inherent meaninglessness of existence.


Existentialism is another philosophical belief system that acknowledges the absence of inherent meaning in our lives. However, existentialists argue that we can still find meaning in our lives through personal responsibility and individual choice.

Jean-Paul Sartre was a prominent existentialist philosopher who believed that people are free to create their own lives and meanings through their actions. He argued that by taking responsibility for our actions, we can give our lives greater significance.


In conclusion, philosophy offers different perspectives on whether life has any inherent value or purpose. While nihilists argue that life is meaningless, existentialists believe we can create our own meaning through personal responsibility and choice. Ultimately, the question of whether life has meaning or not is subjective and depends on one’s individual beliefs and values.


  • Nietzsche, Friedrich. The Gay Science.

    Vintage Books, 1974.

  • Sartre, Jean-Paul. Existentialism is a Humanism. Yale University Press, 2007.