What Is the Social Reality Theory?


Diego Sanchez

The Social Reality Theory is a concept that explains how people’s perceptions of reality are shaped by their social and cultural contexts. It proposes that our beliefs, attitudes, and values are not just individual constructs but are products of the social interactions we have within our communities.

Understanding the Social Reality Theory

According to this theory, individuals construct their own realities based on their experiences and interactions with others. These experiences shape their beliefs, values, and attitudes, which in turn influence how they perceive the world around them. Therefore, what is real for one person may not be real for another.

For example, suppose two individuals from different cultures were presented with an ambiguous image. In that case, they would likely interpret it differently based on their cultural backgrounds and past experiences. This illustrates how our social context shapes our perception of reality.

The Components of Social Reality Theory

The Social Reality Theory has three main components:

Social Constructionism

Social constructionism is the idea that reality is socially constructed through language, symbols, and communication. This means that we create meaning through our interactions with others.

For instance, take the example of money. Money has no inherent value; it only has value because we have collectively agreed to give it value. Therefore, money is a socially constructed concept.


Socialization refers to the process by which individuals learn and internalize societal norms, values, and beliefs. It involves learning how to behave in accordance with social expectations.

For instance, children learn social norms such as saying “please” and “thank you,” sharing toys with others from a young age through socialization.

Social Interaction

Social interaction refers to the ways in which people interact with each other in society. It includes verbal and non-verbal communication such as body language or facial expressions.

For instance, when two people meet for the first time, they may use non-verbal cues such as a smile or handshake to establish a positive connection.

The Implications of Social Reality Theory

The Social Reality Theory has several implications for our understanding of the world. For example, it suggests that our beliefs and values are not absolute but are shaped by our social and cultural context. Therefore, we should be open to different perspectives and be willing to challenge our own beliefs.

Additionally, the theory highlights the importance of social interaction in shaping our perceptions of reality. This means that we should strive to create inclusive and diverse communities that foster positive interactions between people from different backgrounds.

  • Conclusion

In conclusion, the Social Reality Theory is a useful concept for understanding how our perceptions of reality are shaped by our social context. It emphasizes the importance of social constructionism, socialization, and social interaction in shaping our beliefs and attitudes. By recognizing these factors’ influence on our perception of reality, we can create more inclusive and diverse communities that promote positive interactions between individuals from different backgrounds.