What Is the Scientific Management Theory by Frederick Taylor?


Vincent White

Scientific Management Theory, also known as Taylorism, is a management theory developed by Frederick Taylor in the early 1900s. This theory aimed to improve efficiency in the workplace by analyzing and optimizing work processes. In this article, we will explore the key principles and benefits of the Scientific Management Theory.

Key Principles

The Scientific Management Theory is based on four main principles:

1. Science, not rule of thumb: The first principle states that work processes should be based on scientific principles rather than arbitrary rules of thumb. By studying and analyzing work processes, managers can identify the most efficient way to complete a task.

2. Scientific selection and training: The second principle emphasizes the importance of selecting the right person for the job and providing them with proper training.

Managers should carefully select employees who possess the necessary skills and abilities to perform a specific task. Adequate training should be provided to ensure that employees are capable of performing their roles effectively.

3. Division of labor: The third principle involves dividing work into smaller tasks that can be completed more efficiently by different workers. This enables workers to specialize in a specific area, resulting in increased productivity.

4. Performance-based incentives: The fourth principle proposes that employees should be motivated by performance-based incentives rather than fixed wages or salaries. This encourages employees to work harder and increase their productivity levels.


The Scientific Management Theory has several benefits for organizations:

1. Increased productivity: By analyzing work processes and optimizing them for efficiency, organizations can significantly increase their productivity levels. Improved quality: By using scientific methods to identify the most efficient way to complete a task, organizations can ensure that each task is completed correctly and to a high standard.

3. Reduced costs: Increased efficiency results in reduced costs for organizations. By minimizing waste and optimizing work processes, organizations can save money on labor, materials, and equipment. Motivated employees: Performance-based incentives motivate employees to work harder and increase their productivity levels. This results in a more motivated and engaged workforce.


In conclusion, the Scientific Management Theory developed by Frederick Taylor is a management theory that emphasizes the importance of analyzing work processes to improve efficiency. This theory has several benefits for organizations, including increased productivity, improved quality, reduced costs, and motivated employees. By implementing the key principles of the Scientific Management Theory, organizations can optimize their work processes and achieve maximum efficiency.