What Is the Purpose of Existentialism?


Diego Sanchez

Existentialism is a philosophical movement that centers around the meaning and purpose of human existence. It emerged in the 20th century as a response to the disillusionment brought about by World War I and World War II. In this article, we will explore the purpose of existentialism and how it can help us understand our place in the world.

What is Existentialism?

Existentialism is a philosophy that emphasizes individual freedom and choice. It rejects the idea that there is any inherent meaning or purpose in life and instead suggests that we create our own meaning through our choices and actions.

The Purpose of Existentialism

The purpose of existentialism is to help individuals find meaning in their lives despite the absence of any inherent meaning or purpose. This philosophy encourages people to take responsibility for their choices and to live their lives authentically.

At its core, existentialism suggests that we are all free to choose how we live our lives. We are not bound by fate or predetermined destiny but rather have complete control over our own actions. This freedom can be both empowering and terrifying as it requires us to take full responsibility for our choices.

The Importance of Authenticity

Authenticity is a central theme in existentialism. Living authentically means being true to oneself and one’s values, rather than conforming to societal expectations or norms. It requires individuals to take an honest look at themselves and their lives, accepting both their strengths and weaknesses.

Living authentically can be difficult as it often requires going against the grain of society. However, it is essential for finding meaning in life. By living authentically, individuals can create their own sense of purpose, rather than relying on external factors such as wealth or status.

The Role of Anxiety

Anxiety plays a significant role in existentialist thought. It arises from the realization that we are free to choose our own path in life, but also that our choices have consequences. This anxiety can be paralyzing, causing individuals to feel overwhelmed and unsure of how to proceed.

However, existentialism suggests that anxiety can also be a positive force. It can push individuals to confront their fears and take action, leading to personal growth and self-discovery.

The Search for Meaning

The search for meaning is a fundamental aspect of human existence. We all want to know why we are here and what our purpose is. Existentialism acknowledges the difficulty of this search but encourages individuals to embrace it nonetheless.

Rather than seeking external validation or meaning, existentialism suggests that we create our own meaning through our choices and actions. This requires ongoing introspection and self-reflection, as well as a willingness to embrace the uncertainty of life.


Existentialism offers a unique perspective on the purpose of human existence. By emphasizing individual freedom and choice, it encourages us to take responsibility for our lives and find meaning in the midst of uncertainty. While this philosophy can be challenging at times, it ultimately offers a powerful tool for personal growth and self-discovery.