Philosophy and social science are two different fields of study that deal with understanding the world around us. Philosophy, which comes from the Greek word “philosophia,” meaning love of wisdom, is concerned with fundamental questions about existence, reality, knowledge, and ethics.

On the other hand, social science is a branch of science that deals with human behavior and society. In this article, we will explore the differences between philosophy and social science.


Definition: Philosophy is a discipline that seeks to understand the nature of reality, existence, knowledge, truth, and morality.

Philosophy is an ancient discipline that dates back to ancient Greece. It encompasses a wide range of topics such as metaphysics (the study of reality), epistemology (the study of knowledge), logic (the study of reasoning), ethics (the study of morality), and aesthetics (the study of beauty). Philosophers use reason and critical thinking to analyze these topics and arrive at conclusions.

Philosophy deals with abstract concepts and ideas that are not always observable or measurable. For example, philosophers may ask questions like “What is the meaning of life?”

or “What is truth?” These questions do not have objective answers but require deep reflection and contemplation.

Social Science

Definition: Social science is a discipline that studies human behavior and society.

Social science encompasses a range of disciplines such as sociology, psychology, anthropology, economics, political science, and history. These disciplines use empirical methods to observe human behavior and phenomena in society. Social scientists often conduct experiments or surveys to gather data on their subjects.

Social science deals with observable phenomena in society such as culture, norms, values, social structures, institutions like government or family units etc.. Social scientists try to explain why people behave in certain ways under certain circumstances by analyzing data collected through various means. For example, a sociologist might conduct a study on how social media affects mental health and provide insights based on their findings.

Differences between Philosophy and Social Science

There are several differences between philosophy and social science:


In conclusion, philosophy and social science are two different fields of study that approach understanding the world around us in unique ways. While philosophy deals with fundamental questions about existence and morality through reason and critical thinking; social science studies observable phenomena in society using empirical methods. Despite their differences both fields are important for gaining insights into the human condition.