What Is the Description of Clinical Psychology?


Jane Flores

Clinical psychology is a branch of psychology that deals with the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental illnesses, emotional disturbances, and behavioral disorders. It is a field that combines science and practice to help individuals improve their mental health and well-being.

History of Clinical Psychology

Clinical psychology has a rich history dating back to the late 19th century. The earliest forms of clinical psychology focused on the study of abnormal behavior and its causes. However, it was not until the mid-20th century that clinical psychology emerged as a distinct profession.

What Do Clinical Psychologists Do?

Clinical psychologists work in a variety of settings including hospitals, clinics, private practices, and research institutions. They use their knowledge of human behavior and mental processes to assess patients’ psychological problems and provide treatment.

Some common tasks performed by clinical psychologists include:

  • Conducting psychological assessments to diagnose mental health disorders
  • Developing treatment plans tailored to individual patients’ needs
  • Providing therapy or counseling to help patients manage their symptoms
  • Evaluating the effectiveness of treatments and making adjustments as necessary
  • Providing support to families or caregivers of patients with mental health disorders

How Do Clinical Psychologists Treat Mental Health Disorders?

There are many different approaches that clinical psychologists can use to treat mental health disorders. Some common treatment methods include:

  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT): This type of therapy focuses on changing negative thoughts and behaviors that contribute to mental health disorders.
  • Psychodynamic therapy: This approach emphasizes the role of unconscious thoughts and emotions in shaping behavior.
  • Humanistic therapy: This approach emphasizes self-awareness, personal growth, and the importance of positive relationships.
  • Medication: Clinical psychologists can work with psychiatrists to prescribe medications to help manage symptoms of mental health disorders.

Education and Training

To become a clinical psychologist, individuals must typically earn a doctoral degree in clinical psychology. This usually involves completing a rigorous program that includes coursework in psychology, research methods, and clinical practice.

After earning their degree, clinical psychologists must also complete an internship or residency program to gain hands-on experience in the field. They may also need to obtain a license to practice clinical psychology in their state.


In conclusion, clinical psychology is a critical field that helps individuals with mental health disorders improve their quality of life. Clinical psychologists use a combination of science and practice to diagnose mental health disorders, develop treatment plans tailored to individual patients’ needs, and provide ongoing support throughout the treatment process. If you or someone you know is struggling with a mental health disorder, consider reaching out to a licensed clinical psychologist for help.