What Is the Concept of Social Constructivism Theory?


Jane Flores

Social Constructivism Theory is a learning and teaching approach that emphasizes the importance of social interactions in the learning process. It suggests that knowledge is not solely acquired through individual experiences but is also developed through interactions with others, particularly within a social context. This theory posits that learners construct their own understanding of the world around them based on their experiences and interactions with others.

What is Social Constructivism Theory?

Social Constructivism Theory asserts that knowledge is not objective but rather subjective and socially constructed. It argues that individuals construct their knowledge through social interaction, negotiation, and collaboration with others. In essence, this theory suggests that learning is an active process where learners actively engage with their environment and those around them to create meaning and understanding.

Key Concepts of Social Constructivism Theory

There are several key concepts associated with Social Constructivism Theory, which include:

Social Interaction

Social interaction plays a critical role in the learning process according to this theory. Learners are not passive recipients of information but rather active participants in creating meaning from their experiences. Within a social context, learners can share ideas, debate concepts, and test out their theories, leading to deeper levels of comprehension.

Zone of Proximal Development

The Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) is another central concept within Social Constructivism Theory. ZPD refers to the gap between what a learner currently knows and what they can potentially learn with guidance from others. In other words, it’s the area where learners need support from more knowledgeable individuals to reach new levels of understanding.


Scaffolding refers to the support provided by more experienced individuals to help learners bridge the gap between what they know and what they need to learn. Scaffolding can take many forms such as guidance from a teacher or mentor, feedback from peers or group work.

Collaborative Learning

Collaborative learning is another key concept within Social Constructivism Theory. This approach emphasizes the importance of group work, where learners can share ideas and challenge each other’s thinking to create deeper levels of understanding. Collaborative learning helps learners develop critical thinking skills, problem-solving abilities, and communication skills.

Implications for Teaching with Social Constructivism Theory

Social Constructivism Theory has several implications for teaching. Here are some of the ways that teachers can incorporate this theory into their classrooms:

Encourage Active Learning

Teachers should encourage active learning by creating opportunities for students to engage with their environment and those around them. This could involve hands-on activities, discussion groups or collaborative projects.

Facilitate Collaboration

Teachers should facilitate collaboration by creating opportunities for group work and encouraging students to share their ideas with each other. This could involve structured group activities or more independent projects where students have the freedom to choose their own groups.

Provide Scaffolding

Teachers should provide scaffolding when necessary to help learners bridge the gap between what they know and what they need to learn. This could involve providing guidance, feedback or additional resources to support learners in their understanding.

In conclusion, Social Constructivism Theory suggests that learners construct knowledge through social interaction and collaboration with others. Teachers can incorporate this theory into their classrooms by encouraging active learning, facilitating collaboration and providing scaffolding when necessary. By doing so, teachers can help students develop a deeper understanding of the world around them while also developing critical thinking skills and problem-solving abilities.