Existentialism is a philosophical movement that explores the meaning of human existence. It emerged in the 19th and 20th centuries as a response to the problems of modernity, including alienation, meaninglessness, and despair. The central theme of existentialism is the idea that individuals must create their own meaning in life, rather than relying on external sources like religion or culture.

What is Existentialism?

Existentialism is a philosophical movement that emphasizes individual freedom and choice. It emerged in the aftermath of World War II as a response to the sense of despair and disillusionment that many people felt in the wake of the war. Existentialism rejects the idea that there is any inherent meaning or purpose to life; instead, it holds that individuals must create their own meaning.

The Absurd

One of the key concepts in existentialism is the idea of the absurd. The absurd refers to the fundamental contradiction between our desire for meaning and purpose and the apparent meaninglessness of existence. According to existentialists, we must confront this contradiction head-on and accept that life has no inherent meaning or purpose.

Freedom and Choice

Another central theme in existentialism is freedom and choice. Existentialists believe that individuals are fundamentally free to make their own choices and determine their own destiny. However, with this freedom comes responsibility; we are responsible for creating our own meaning in life.


Authenticity is another important concept in existentialism. It refers to living an authentic life, one that is true to our deepest values and beliefs. This means rejecting external sources of authority like religion or culture and instead relying on our own intuition and experience.

Existentialism is a rich philosophical movement with many complex ideas. At its core, however, existentialism is about the struggle to find meaning in a world that seems inherently meaningless. By embracing our freedom and taking responsibility for our own lives, we can create our own meaning and live authentically.