What Is the Branch of Philosophy Known as Metaphysics?


Jane Flores

Metaphysics is a branch of philosophy that deals with the fundamental nature of reality, including the relationship between mind and matter, substance and attribute, and potentiality and actuality. It is concerned with the ultimate nature of things, exploring questions such as “What is reality?”

“What is the nature of truth?” and “What is the meaning of life?”

History of Metaphysics

The word “metaphysics” comes from the Greek words “meta” meaning beyond, and “physics,” which was used to refer to the study of nature. The term itself was first used by Aristotle in his book titled Metaphysics. Since then, metaphysics has been studied extensively by philosophers throughout history.

What Does Metaphysics Aim To Do?

The primary aim of metaphysics is to uncover what exists beyond what we can observe through our physical senses. It seeks to understand the fundamental nature of reality by exploring questions about existence, identity, causality, space, time, and many other concepts.

Areas Of Study In Metaphysics

There are several areas of study within metaphysics that explore different aspects of reality:

  • Ontology: Ontology is concerned with the question of what exists. It deals with questions like “What is being?”

    and “What entities exist? “

  • Cosmology: Cosmology deals with questions about the origin and structure of the universe.
  • Mind-Body Dualism: Mind-body dualism is concerned with understanding how mind and body are related.
  • Determinism vs Free Will: This area explores whether human actions are predetermined or freely chosen.

The Importance Of Metaphysics

Metaphysics is important because it helps us understand the nature of reality and our place in it. It provides a framework for understanding the world and our experiences, and it helps us explore fundamental questions about existence and meaning.


In conclusion, metaphysics is a branch of philosophy concerned with understanding the fundamental nature of reality. It explores questions related to existence, identity, causality, space, time, and many other concepts. By studying metaphysics, we can gain a deeper understanding of ourselves and the world around us.