Metaphysics is a branch of philosophy that deals with the fundamental nature of reality, including the relationship between mind and matter, substance, causality, and the existence of God. The basic question of metaphysics is “What is real?”

or “What is the nature of existence? “.

What is Metaphysics?

Metaphysics comes from the Greek word ‘meta’ meaning “beyond” and ‘physics’ meaning “the study of nature”. It is concerned with exploring questions about reality that cannot be answered by scientific methods. Metaphysicians ask questions about the nature of reality and seek to understand the underlying principles that govern it.

What Is The Basic Question Of Metaphysics?

The basic question of metaphysics is concerned with the nature of existence. It asks what exists, what is real, and what are the fundamental properties or qualities of these things? In other words, this question seeks to understand what constitutes reality itself.

The Two Main Approaches To Answering This Question

There are two main approaches to answering this question: ontology and cosmology.

Ontology deals with questions about what exists and what kinds of things exist. It asks questions like:

Cosmology, on the other hand, deals with questions about how things came into existence and how they relate to each other. It asks questions like:

Some Answers To The Basic Question Of Metaphysics

Over the centuries, many philosophers have attempted to answer the basic question of metaphysics. Here are some of the most common answers:

Materialism: Materialists believe that only physical matter exists and that everything else is an illusion.

Idealism: Idealists believe that only ideas and mental phenomena exist and that physical matter is an illusion.

Dualism: Dualists believe that both physical matter and non-physical mind or spirit exist.

Monotheism: Monotheistic religions believe in the existence of a single God who created and governs the universe.

In Conclusion

The basic question of metaphysics asks what is real or what exists. Ontology and cosmology are two main approaches to answering this question.

Over time, many different answers have been proposed, including materialism, idealism, dualism, and monotheism. Ultimately, the answer to this question remains elusive and open to interpretation.