Social reality theory is a concept that examines how individuals and groups create and maintain their perception of reality through social interactions. It suggests that our perception of reality is influenced by the social context in which we live.

What Is Social Reality Theory?

Social reality theory is based on the idea that individuals do not perceive the world objectively, but rather through a subjective lens shaped by their experiences, culture, environment, and social interactions. It aims to understand how people construct their own perceptions of the world around them and how those perceptions are influenced by social factors.

How Does Social Reality Theory Work?

Social reality theory suggests that people use shared meanings and symbols to create a common understanding of reality. This shared understanding is then reinforced through social interactions, such as communication, group membership, and cultural practices. As a result, an individual’s perception of reality is shaped by both personal experiences and social interactions.

The Role of Language and Symbols

Language and symbols play a key role in shaping our perception of reality. They provide meaning to our experiences and help us make sense of the world around us. For example, words like “love” or “justice” have different meanings to different people based on their personal experiences.

Similarly, symbols like flags or religious icons represent different things to different groups based on their cultural background. These shared symbols help create a common understanding of reality within groups while also reinforcing group identity.

Social Constructionism

Social constructionism is a related concept to social reality theory. It suggests that all knowledge is created and maintained within social contexts. This means that what we consider to be true or real is not necessarily objective but rather socially constructed.

For example, the concept of race has been socially constructed over time through historical events and cultural practices. The way we understand race today is not fixed or objective but rather shaped by historical events such as slavery or colonialism.


In conclusion, social reality theory suggests that our perception of reality is shaped by our social interactions and the shared meanings and symbols we use to make sense of the world around us. It highlights the importance of understanding how social context influences individual experiences and perspectives. By examining how individuals create and maintain their perception of reality, we can gain a better understanding of how societies function and how to foster positive social change.