Social norms are an essential part of our daily lives. These unwritten rules dictate how we behave, interact, and communicate with others around us.
Social norms are the expectations placed on individuals by society or a specific group to conform to certain behaviors or attitudes. This article will explore what social norms are, their role in psychology, and how they impact our behavior.
Understanding Social Norms
Social norms refer to the rules that govern our social interactions. They can be explicit, such as laws and regulations, or implicit, such as customs and traditions. Social norms vary across cultures and even within the same society based on factors such as age, gender, race, religion, and social class.
Types of Social Norms
There are two main types of social norms: descriptive norms and injunctive norms.
Descriptive Norms refer to what most people do in a given situation. For example, if most people in a particular community wear masks during the COVID-19 pandemic, it becomes a descriptive norm for others to follow suit.
Injunctive Norms refer to what is perceived as socially acceptable or unacceptable behavior. For example, it is an injunctive norm not to talk loudly on public transportation.
The Role of Social Norms in Psychology
Social psychology focuses on how individuals interact with others around them and how those interactions affect their behavior. Social norms play a crucial role in shaping our attitudes and behaviors towards others.
Research has shown that people tend to conform to social norms for various reasons such as gaining acceptance from others or avoiding criticism or rejection from society. Conformity can also occur when individuals believe that other people have more information or expertise about a situation than they do.
On the other hand, violating social norms can lead to negative social consequences such as being ostracized or criticized by society. The fear of these consequences can influence individuals to conform to social norms even when they disagree with them.
How Social Norms Impact Our Behavior
Social norms can impact our behavior in various ways. They can influence how we dress, speak, and interact with others around us. For example, in some cultures, it is considered rude to make direct eye contact while speaking to someone older or of higher status.
Social norms can also shape our attitudes and beliefs about certain issues such as politics, religion, and social justice. For example, in some societies, it may be an injunctive norm to be pro-life or pro-choice on the issue of abortion.
In conclusion, social norms are an integral part of our daily lives that play a significant role in shaping our behaviors and attitudes towards others. Understanding social norms and their impact on behavior is crucial for individuals who want to navigate society successfully.