Social exclusion theory refers to the concept of people being left out of the mainstream society due to various reasons such as poverty, discrimination, or marginalization. In this article, we will delve deeper into this theory and understand its implications.

What is Social Exclusion?

Social exclusion is a concept that describes the inability of individuals or groups to fully participate in social, economic, and political activities that are available to all members of society. It involves the denial of access to resources, rights, and opportunities that are essential for social integration and overall well-being.

What is Social Exclusion Theory?

Social exclusion theory suggests that people who are excluded from mainstream society tend to experience a range of negative outcomes such as poverty, unemployment, poor health, and low levels of education. It argues that social exclusion is not just a result of individual circumstances but also structural factors like institutionalized discrimination or unequal distribution of resources.

Causes of Social Exclusion

There are various causes of social exclusion such as:

Impacts of Social Exclusion

Social exclusion can have several negative impacts on individuals and society as a whole. Some common impacts include:

Addressing Social Exclusion

To address the issue of social exclusion, it is essential to recognize and acknowledge its underlying causes. Governments and policymakers can take various steps such as:


In conclusion, social exclusion theory highlights the importance of understanding the impact of exclusion on individuals and society. By addressing its underlying causes and taking concrete steps towards promoting inclusion, we can create a more just and equitable society.