Social Construction Theory is a concept that has gained significant attention in the field of sociology. This theory suggests that the reality we experience is not an objective truth, but rather a social construction that is created by society and its norms. In other words, our perception of reality, our beliefs, and our values are shaped by the society we live in.

The Basics of Social Construction Theory

Social Construction Theory posits that reality is not something that exists independently of human beings. Instead, it argues that social interaction and language play a crucial role in shaping our perception of the world around us. This means that all aspects of reality – from gender to race to mental illness – are socially constructed.

Examples of Social Construction Theory

One example of Social Construction Theory can be seen in gender roles. The idea of what it means to be male or female varies across different cultures and societies.

For example, in some cultures, men are expected to be aggressive and dominant while women are supposed to be nurturing and caring. In contrast, in other cultures, these gender roles may be reversed or nonexistent altogether.

Another example can be found in mental illness. The way people understand and treat mental illness has evolved over time as societal attitudes towards mental health have changed. For example, homosexuality was once considered a mental disorder until it was removed from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) in 1973 due to widespread criticism from the LGBTQ+ community.

Implications of Social Construction Theory

The implications of Social Construction Theory are far-reaching. If reality is socially constructed, then it means that what we consider “normal” or “natural” is actually just a product of societal norms and values. This challenges us to question our assumptions about what we believe to be true.

Moreover, social construction theory also highlights the power dynamics at play within society. Those who have more power are often able to shape societal norms and values to their advantage, while those with less power may find themselves marginalized or excluded.


In conclusion, Social Construction Theory is a powerful concept that challenges our assumptions about reality. By recognizing that our perception of reality is shaped by society and its norms, we can begin to question the status quo and work towards creating a more just and equitable society.