Social Construction of Reality Theory: Understanding the Power of Perception

Have you ever wondered why people have different opinions on the same subject? How can two individuals see the same thing in a completely different light? The answer lies in the Social Construction of Reality (SCR) theory, which explains how society shapes our perceptions and influences our understanding of reality.

What is Social Construction of Reality Theory?

As humans, we have a natural tendency to categorize and label things around us. We use these labels to make sense of the world and to communicate with others. However, what we don’t realize is that these labels are not inherent in the objects themselves but are socially constructed by us.

SCR theory suggests that our perception of reality is not objective but rather subjective. It argues that reality is created through social interaction, where individuals construct their own understanding of reality based on their experiences and social interactions.

How Does SCR Theory Work?

To understand SCR theory better, let’s take an example. Imagine you’re walking down a street, and you see a person begging for money.

Your immediate reaction might be to label this person as “homeless” or “beggar.” You’ve created a category for this person based on your previous experiences or what society has told you about such people.

However, your friend who’s walking alongside you might not view this person in the same way. They might instead see someone who’s struggling due to various circumstances. This difference in perception arises because each individual constructs their own understanding of reality based on their own experiences and social interactions.

In other words, we don’t see things as they are; we see them as we are conditioned to see them through socialization.

Why Is SCR Theory Important?

SCR theory highlights the power of perception in shaping our understanding of reality. It shows how societal factors such as culture, language, norms, and values influence our beliefs and attitudes towards certain things.

For instance, if we take the example of gender roles, we can see how societal norms and expectations shape our understanding of what it means to be “masculine” or “feminine.” These categories are not inherent but rather socially constructed, and they vary across cultures and time periods.

Moreover, SCR theory helps us understand why certain groups in society are marginalized or discriminated against. It shows how social constructs such as race, ethnicity, and class are used to create hierarchies and power dynamics that benefit some groups while oppressing others.


In conclusion, Social Construction of Reality (SCR) theory offers a unique perspective on the way we perceive the world around us. It highlights the power of perception in shaping our understanding of reality and emphasizes the role of socialization in constructing our beliefs and attitudes.

By understanding SCR theory, we can become more aware of our biases and prejudices towards certain groups in society. We can also learn to appreciate diversity and different viewpoints, leading to a more inclusive and tolerant society.