What Is Science According to Philosophy?


Martha Robinson

Science is a vast term that encompasses a wide range of activities, from observation to experimentation to theorizing. But what is science according to philosophy? To answer this question, we need to understand the philosophical nature of science.

Philosophy and Science

Philosophy and science have been intertwined for centuries. Philosophy provides the foundation for scientific inquiry by raising fundamental questions about the nature of reality, knowledge, and existence. Science, on the other hand, provides empirical data that can be used to test philosophical theories.

The Scientific Method

The scientific method is a systematic approach to understanding the natural world. It involves observation, hypothesis formation, experimentation, data analysis, and conclusion drawing. The scientific method is based on empirical evidence and is open to revision based on new data.

Scientific Realism

Scientific realism is the idea that scientific theories describe objective reality. According to scientific realism, theories are more than just useful tools for making predictions; they are accurate descriptions of how the world works.


Falsificationism is a philosophical concept proposed by Karl Popper. It suggests that scientific theories should be able to be falsified or proven wrong. In other words, scientists should actively seek evidence that would disprove their hypothesis rather than just looking for confirmation.


Science is a complex field with many different definitions depending on who you ask. However, according to philosophy, science is a systematic approach to understanding reality through empirical evidence and theory building.

The scientific method provides an objective way of testing hypotheses and refining our knowledge of the natural world. While there are many different philosophical perspectives on science, it remains one of the most important human endeavors for understanding our place in the cosmos.