The concept of “real” is a fundamental philosophical question that has been debated for centuries. According to metaphysics, the nature of reality is a complex and multifaceted issue that requires careful examination. In this article, we will explore what metaphysics has to say about what is real.
What is Metaphysics?
Before we dive into the concept of reality, it’s important to understand what metaphysics is. Metaphysics is a branch of philosophy that deals with the nature of reality and existence.
It asks questions like “What is the nature of being?” and “What is the ultimate reality? “.
What Is Real According to Metaphysics?
According to metaphysics, what is real depends on one’s perspective. There are two main schools of thought when it comes to defining what is real – idealism and materialism.
Idealism posits that reality exists only in our minds. In other words, everything we experience in the world around us – objects, people, events – are all constructs of our own consciousness. From this perspective, nothing can be said to be objectively real outside of our own perceptions.
Materialism takes a different approach and asserts that everything in existence can be reduced to physical matter. According to materialists, everything from thoughts and feelings to buildings and mountains are made up of atoms and molecules.
The Problem with Defining What Is Real
The problem with trying to define what is real according to metaphysics lies in the fact that there are no objective criteria for determining what constitutes reality. As humans, our perceptions are limited by our senses and cognitive abilities. What may appear real or true from one perspective may not necessarily hold up under closer scrutiny or from another point of view.
In conclusion, the question of what is real according to metaphysics is a complex and multifaceted issue that depends largely on one’s perspective. While idealism posits that reality exists only in our minds, materialism asserts that everything can be reduced to physical matter. Ultimately, the nature of reality remains a mystery that may never be fully understood or defined.