What Is Phenomenology as a Philosophy?


Diego Sanchez

Phenomenology is a branch of philosophy that is concerned with the study of consciousness, perception, and experience. It was founded by Edmund Husserl in the early 20th century and has since become one of the most influential philosophical movements of our time.

At its core, phenomenology is a method for investigating the structures of conscious experience. It seeks to uncover the essential properties of consciousness that are often obscured by our everyday experiences. In other words, it aims to reveal the underlying structures that make up our experiences and how we perceive them.

One of the key concepts in phenomenology is “intentionality.” This refers to the fact that consciousness is always directed towards something – whether it’s an object, a thought, or a feeling.

This directedness is what allows us to have experiences in the first place. Phenomenologists argue that this intentional structure is what defines consciousness, rather than any physical or biological properties.

Another important concept in phenomenology is “bracketing” or “epoche.” This refers to the act of suspending our natural assumptions and biases about the world around us. By doing so, we can focus solely on our immediate experiences without being influenced by preconceived notions or beliefs.

Phenomenology has had a significant impact on many fields beyond philosophy, including psychology, sociology, and art. It has helped to shed light on various phenomena such as perception and embodiment, as well as providing insights into how we create meaning through language and culture.

In conclusion, phenomenology offers a unique perspective on consciousness and human experience. Its focus on intentional structures and bracketing allows for a deeper understanding of how we perceive and interact with the world around us. Whether you’re a philosopher or simply interested in exploring new ideas, phenomenology is definitely worth exploring further.