What Is Kierkegaard’s Existentialism Philosophy?


Diego Sanchez

Kierkegaard’s Existentialism Philosophy

If you’re interested in philosophy, then you must have heard about Kierkegaard’s existentialism philosophy. It’s a school of thought that emphasizes the individual’s existence and their freedom to make their own choices.

The philosophy was developed by Søren Kierkegaard, a Danish philosopher who lived in the 19th century. His ideas on existentialism have influenced many other philosophers, writers, and thinkers since then.

The Basics of Kierkegaard’s Existentialism Philosophy

At its core, Kierkegaard’s existentialism philosophy is about the individual and their subjective experiences. The philosophy emphasizes that each individual is responsible for creating their own life meaning and purpose through their choices and actions. It acknowledges the limitations of human existence but also highlights the importance of living authentically.

According to Kierkegaard, individuals have three options for living their lives:

  • The Aesthetic Life: This is a life focused on pleasure and sensory experiences. The individual seeks out experiences that bring them pleasure without much consideration for long-term consequences or responsibilities.
  • The Ethical Life: This life is concerned with moral values and responsibility towards others. Individuals who lead an ethical life seek to do what is right and just according to societal norms.
  • The Religious Life: This life centers around faith in a higher power and personal relationship with God.

The Importance of Authenticity

Kierkegaard believed that living authentically was crucial to finding meaning and purpose in life. Authenticity means being true to oneself rather than conforming to societal norms or expectations. According to him, individuals should take responsibility for their own existence and not rely on external factors to define their identity or purpose.

Authenticity involves making choices that align with one’s values and beliefs. It requires individuals to acknowledge their fears, doubts, and insecurities and face them head-on instead of avoiding them. By doing so, individuals can overcome the anxiety and despair that often come with human existence.

The Importance of Choice

Another central aspect of Kierkegaard’s existentialism philosophy is the importance of choice. According to him, individuals are free to make their own choices, but they must also take responsibility for the consequences of those choices. He believed that individuals should strive to become self-aware and make choices that align with their values.

Kierkegaard recognized that making choices can be difficult and anxiety-inducing. However, he emphasized that it’s better to make a choice rather than remaining in a state of indecision or apathy.


Kierkegaard’s existentialism philosophy is a school of thought that emphasizes individual freedom, authenticity, and responsibility. It acknowledges the limitations of human existence but also highlights the importance of living an authentic life by making choices aligned with one’s values. By understanding Kierkegaard’s ideas on existentialism, individuals can gain insight into their own lives and find meaning amidst the uncertainties of human existence.