What Is History and Philosophy of Nursing Science?


Vincent White

History and Philosophy of Nursing Science

Nursing is an art and science that has been practiced for centuries. The history and philosophy of nursing science help to understand the evolution of nursing as a profession. In this article, we will explore the meaning, importance, and key features of the history and philosophy of nursing science.

What is Nursing Science?

Nursing science is the study of the principles, theories, and practices that underlie the care of individuals, families, communities, and populations. It involves research on health promotion, disease prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation. Nursing science also includes the development of nursing theory that guides clinical practice.

What is History of Nursing Science?

The history of nursing science refers to the development of nursing as a profession from ancient times to present day. The evolution of nursing can be traced back to ancient civilizations such as Egypt, Greece, Rome, India, China, and Persia.

During medieval times in Europe, nursing was carried out by religious orders such as monks and nuns who provided care to the sick and dying in hospitals. Florence Nightingale is widely regarded as the founder of modern nursing. She transformed nursing into a respected profession during the Crimean War by improving sanitation practices in hospitals.

In modern times, nursing has become more specialized with nurses practicing in various specialties such as pediatrics, cardiology, oncology etc.

What is Philosophy of Nursing Science?

Philosophy refers to a set of beliefs or principles that guide an individual’s behavior or actions. The philosophy of nursing science encompasses the values and ethics that shape nurses’ attitudes towards patient care.

The philosophy emphasizes that nurses should treat patients with respect regardless of their race or social status. Nurses are also expected to provide compassionate care while maintaining confidentiality for their patients.

Importance Of History And Philosophy Of Nursing Science

The history and philosophy of nursing science are important because they provide a foundation for the profession. Understanding the evolution of nursing helps nurses to appreciate the progress that has been made in the profession and to identify areas that need improvement.

The philosophy of nursing science serves as a guide for nurses in their interactions with patients, families, and colleagues. It helps nurses to maintain professional conduct while providing quality care.


In conclusion, the history and philosophy of nursing science are essential components that help to shape the profession. The evolution of nursing from ancient times to modern day has been marked by significant changes in practice and education.

The philosophy emphasizes the importance of compassionate care and professional conduct. Understanding these aspects is crucial for anyone aspiring to become a nurse or working in the profession currently.