Graph theory is a mathematical concept that is widely used in social network analysis. It is a field of study that deals with the analysis of networks, including social networks, communication networks, transportation networks, and biological networks.

What Is Graph Theory?

Graph theory is a branch of mathematics that deals with graphs. A graph is a mathematical structure consisting of nodes or vertices connected by edges or links. Graphs are used to model and analyze various types of systems and structures.

In graph theory, graphs are represented as G = (V,E), where V is the set of vertices or nodes, and E is the set of edges or links connecting the vertices. The edges may be directed or undirected, weighted or unweighted, depending on the type of system being modeled.

Applications of Graph Theory in Social Network Analysis

Social network analysis (SNA) is a method for studying social structures using network graphs. Social networks consist of individuals or groups connected by social relationships such as friendship, family ties, professional relationships, etc.

Graph theory provides a powerful tool for analyzing social networks. In SNA, graphs are used to represent social relationships between individuals or groups. The nodes represent individuals or groups while the edges represent social ties between them.

Metrics Used in Social Network Analysis

There are several metrics used in SNA to analyze social networks.


Graph theory is a fundamental concept in social network analysis. It provides a powerful tool for analyzing social networks and understanding the complex relationships between individuals or groups. By using metrics such as degree centrality, betweenness centrality, closeness centrality, and eigenvector centrality, researchers can gain insights into the structure and dynamics of social networks.