What Is Game Theory the Science of Decision Making?


Diego Sanchez

Game theory is a fascinating and complex field of study that has gained popularity in recent years. It is the science of decision-making and is used to analyze the behavior of individuals or groups when they interact with one another. Game theory can be applied to a wide range of situations, from economics to politics, and even to everyday life.

What is Game Theory?

At its core, game theory is the study of strategic decision-making. It involves analyzing the choices made by individuals or groups in situations where the outcome depends on the actions of multiple parties. The goal of game theory is to understand how people make decisions and how those decisions impact others around them.

The Origins of Game Theory

Game theory has its roots in mathematics and economics. The first formalized model of game theory was developed by mathematician John von Neumann in the 1920s. However, it wasn’t until economist John Nash’s work in the 1950s that game theory became a widely recognized field.

The Basics of Game Theory

Game theory involves analyzing interactions between individuals or groups, known as players. Each player must make decisions based on their own preferences and what they believe other players will do.

To analyze these interactions, game theorists use what are known as games. Games are abstract representations of real-world situations where players make choices that affect one another’s outcomes.

There are many different types of games, but some common examples include prisoner’s dilemma, chicken, and stag hunt.

Applications of Game Theory

Game theory has many applications across various fields. In economics, it is used to analyze how markets function and how businesses interact with one another. In politics, game theory can be used to understand negotiations between countries or political parties.

Game theory can also be applied to everyday life situations such as bargaining for a salary raise or deciding whether or not to cooperate with someone.


Game theory is a fascinating field that has many practical applications. By understanding the science of decision-making, we can better understand the choices we and others make in various situations. So, whether you’re a student of economics or simply interested in gaining new insights into human behavior, game theory is definitely worth exploring!