Existentialism is a philosophical movement that originated in Europe in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. It is a school of thought that emphasizes individual existence, freedom, and choice. Existentialism is concerned with the meaning and purpose of human life, and it is often associated with the idea of absurdity.

Absurdism is a related movement that grew out of existentialism. It is characterized by a sense of alienation and despair in the face of an irrational universe. Absurdists believe that there is no inherent meaning or purpose in life, but they also reject nihilism, which holds that life is meaningless.

Existentialists believe that individuals are responsible for creating their own meaning in life. They reject the idea that there is any inherent purpose or meaning to human existence. Instead, they argue that individuals must create their own values and goals based on their own experiences and beliefs.

One of the key themes in existentialist thought is the idea of freedom. Existentialists believe that individuals have complete freedom to choose their actions and shape their lives. This freedom can be both liberating and terrifying, as it means that individuals are fully responsible for their own lives.

Another important concept in existentialism is authenticity. Authenticity refers to living according to one’s own values and beliefs rather than conforming to societal norms or expectations. Existentialists believe that living an authentic life is essential for finding meaning and fulfillment.

Absurdists take these ideas even further by emphasizing the absurdity of human existence. They argue that life has no inherent meaning or purpose, but individuals should still strive to find meaning within themselves. Absurdists often use humor and satire to highlight the contradictions and irrationality of human existence.

In conclusion, existentialism and absurdism are two related philosophical movements that emphasize individual existence, freedom, choice, authenticity, and the absurdity of human existence. These ideas challenge traditional notions of morality, purpose, and meaning, and they encourage individuals to create their own values and goals in life.