Dominant strategy game theory is a concept that is used in economics to analyze the behavior of players in a strategic game. It is based on the idea that each player has a dominant strategy, which is the best course of action for them regardless of what their opponents do. In this article, we will explore the basics of dominant strategy game theory and its applications.

What Is Game Theory?

Game theory is a branch of mathematics that deals with the analysis of strategic interactions between different players. It provides a framework for analyzing decision-making processes in situations where one player’s decision affects the outcome for others.

What Is a Strategic Game?

A strategic game is a situation where two or more players interact with each other by making decisions that affect each other’s payoffs. Each player has different options available to them, and their payoff depends on both their own choice and the choices made by other players.

What Is Dominant Strategy?

A dominant strategy is a course of action that provides the best outcome for a player regardless of what their opponents do. In other words, it is always the best choice, no matter what the opponent does.

For example, let’s consider a simple game where two people are selling lemonade. They can either set a high price or a low price.

If both set high prices, they make less profit than if they both set low prices. If one sets high and one sets low, then the person who sets low makes more profit than if they both set high prices.

In this game, setting low prices is always the best choice because it provides more profit regardless of what their opponent does.

Dominant Strategy Equilibrium

When both players have dominant strategies, there exists a unique solution called dominant strategy equilibrium (DSE). In DSE, each player chooses their dominant strategy and there is no incentive for either player to deviate from their strategy.

Applications of Dominant Strategy Game Theory

Dominant strategy game theory has many applications in economics, politics, and social sciences. It is used to analyze situations where two or more parties are involved in decision-making processes that affect each other’s payoffs.

For example, it can be used to analyze competition between firms in a market, where each firm’s decision affects the other firm’s profits. It can also be used to analyze international relations, where the actions taken by one country can affect the interests of other countries.


Dominant strategy game theory is a powerful tool for analyzing strategic interactions between players. It provides a framework for understanding how players make decisions and how those decisions affect the outcome of the game. By understanding dominant strategies and dominant strategy equilibrium, we can gain insight into complex decision-making processes and use this knowledge to make better decisions in our own lives.