Do Re Mi Music Theory: Understanding the Basics

If you have ever looked at sheet music, you may have noticed that it is full of little symbols and notations. These symbols are part of a system called “do re mi” or solfège. This system is used to teach musicians how to read and sing notes accurately.

So what exactly is do re mi music theory? It is a method of teaching music that uses a set of syllables to represent each note on the scale.

These syllables are do, re, mi, fa, sol, la, and ti. Each syllable represents a different pitch in the scale.

Understanding the Scale

Before we dive into how this system works, let’s first take a closer look at the musical scale. The most common type of scale used in Western music consists of seven notes: A, B, C, D, E, F and G. These notes repeat in higher or lower octaves but always maintain their relative position within the scale.

Now let’s apply the do re mi system to these notes. In this system:

– Do represents the first note of the scale (C)
– Re represents the second note (D)
– Mi represents the third note (E)
– Fa represents the fourth note (F)
– Sol represents the fifth note (G)
– La represents the sixth note (A)
– Ti represents the seventh note (B)

By using these syllables instead of traditional notation like A or C#, it becomes easier for musicians to learn and remember melodies.

Using Solfege for Singing

The do re mi system is particularly useful for singers because it helps them understand how each note relates to those around it. By singing through a piece using these syllables instead of traditional notation, singers can develop their pitch accuracy and learn to sing more complex melodies with ease.

For example, if you were singing a song that started on the note C, you would sing “do” for that note. The next note in the scale, D, would be “re,” and so on. This system helps singers understand the intervals between notes and how to adjust their pitch accordingly.

Applying Do Re Mi to Instruments

While do re mi is commonly associated with singing, it can also be applied to other instruments like piano or guitar. In fact, many music teachers use this system to teach beginners how to play an instrument.

For example, if you were learning to play a song on the piano using do re mi, you would start by playing the notes C-D-E-F-G-A-B-C. As you played each note, you would say its corresponding syllable out loud (“do” for C, “re” for D, etc.). This helps students learn how each note relates to those around it and develop a better understanding of music theory.


In conclusion, do re mi music theory is a valuable tool for any musician looking to improve their pitch accuracy and understanding of musical intervals. By using these syllables instead of traditional notation, singers and instrumentalists can learn melodies more quickly and easily. Whether you are just starting out or have been playing for years, incorporating this system into your practice routine can help take your skills to the next level.