Collective efficacy is a concept in social cognitive theory that refers to the belief of individuals in their ability to come together and achieve a common goal. It is a shared belief among members of a group that they can work together effectively to produce desired outcomes.

What is Social Cognitive Theory?

Social cognitive theory is a framework that explains how people learn and develop through observation, imitation, and modeling. It emphasizes the role of cognitive processes in shaping behavior and personality. In social cognitive theory, collective efficacy is one of the key concepts that explain how groups can work together to produce positive outcomes.

How does Collective Efficacy work?

Collective efficacy is based on the idea that individuals within a group can influence each other’s beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors. It involves two main components: shared beliefs in group capabilities and shared commitment to achieving a particular goal.

Shared beliefs in group capabilities refer to the confidence that members have in their ability to work together effectively. This confidence comes from past experiences of successful collaboration, as well as from the knowledge and skills possessed by individual members.

Shared commitment to achieving a particular goal refers to the dedication of members towards achieving a specific outcome. This dedication comes from a shared understanding of the importance of the goal, as well as from a sense of responsibility towards other members of the group.

Why is Collective Efficacy important?

Collective efficacy has been found to be an important factor in determining group performance and success. When individuals within a group have high levels of collective efficacy, they are more likely to work together effectively towards achieving their goals. This can lead to increased productivity, better decision-making, and improved communication among members of the group.

Moreover, collective efficacy can help groups overcome obstacles and challenges that may arise during their collaborative efforts. When faced with difficulties or setbacks, groups with high levels of collective efficacy are more likely to persist in their efforts and find creative solutions to overcome the obstacles.


In summary, collective efficacy is a powerful concept in social cognitive theory that highlights the importance of shared beliefs and commitments in achieving group goals. By fostering a sense of confidence and dedication among members, collective efficacy can help groups work together effectively towards producing positive outcomes.