What Is Cognitive Behavioral in Psychology?


Diego Sanchez

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a form of psychotherapy that has been used for decades to treat various mental health conditions. It is a practical approach that focuses on changing patterns of thoughts and behavior that are causing distress or negative emotions. This article will discuss what CBT is, how it works, and its benefits.

What Is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy?

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a type of talk therapy that aims to change negative thought patterns and behaviors. It focuses on how thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are interrelated. CBT therapists work collaboratively with their clients to identify negative patterns of thinking and behavior that cause emotional distress or interfere with daily functioning.

The goal of CBT is to help clients develop more positive ways of thinking and behaving, which can lead to improved emotional well-being. CBT can be used to treat a variety of mental health conditions, including anxiety disorders, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), eating disorders, and substance abuse disorders.

How Does Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Work?

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy typically involves weekly sessions with a therapist. During these sessions, the therapist will work with the client to identify negative thought patterns and behaviors. The therapist may also teach the client coping skills such as relaxation techniques or breathing exercises.

CBT therapists use evidence-based techniques such as cognitive restructuring, exposure therapy, and behavioral activation. Cognitive restructuring involves identifying negative thoughts and replacing them with more positive ones.

Exposure therapy involves gradually confronting feared situations in a safe environment. Behavioral activation involves increasing engagement in positive activities.

The Benefits of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy has many benefits for individuals struggling with mental health issues:

  • Effective: CBT has been shown to be effective in treating a wide range of mental health conditions.
  • Short-Term: CBT is typically a short-term treatment, with most clients seeing improvement within 12-20 sessions.
  • Collaborative: CBT is a collaborative process between the therapist and client, with the client taking an active role in their treatment.
  • Coping Skills: CBT provides clients with coping skills that they can use outside of therapy to manage their symptoms.
  • No Medication Required: Unlike some other forms of treatment, CBT does not require medication.

The Bottom Line

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is a practical and effective form of psychotherapy that focuses on changing negative thought patterns and behaviors. It can be used to treat a variety of mental health conditions and has many benefits. If you are struggling with emotional distress or mental health issues, consider talking to a therapist about whether CBT may be right for you.