Biblical epistemology is an approach to knowledge that emphasizes the authority of the Bible as the ultimate source of truth. It is a way of thinking that seeks to understand the world through the lens of Scripture and to apply its teachings to all areas of life.

What Is Epistemology?

Epistemology is a branch of philosophy that deals with questions about knowledge and belief. It seeks to understand how we can know things, what kinds of things we can know, and how we should go about acquiring knowledge. There are many different approaches to epistemology, but they all share a common goal of trying to understand how we can be confident in what we believe.

What Is Biblical Epistemology?

Biblical epistemology takes a unique approach to these questions by emphasizing the authority of the Bible as the ultimate source of truth. This means that it sees Scripture as the primary way in which God reveals himself and his will to us, and it seeks to use this revelation as a foundation for understanding everything else.

The Bible as Ultimate Authority

In biblical epistemology, the Bible is seen as more than just another book or collection of religious writings. Instead, it is understood as God’s inspired word, given directly to us for our benefit. This means that it has a special authority that other sources do not have, and that we should look to it first and foremost when seeking knowledge.

For example: If we want to know what God thinks about a certain topic, such as marriage or ethics or politics, then we should turn first to what he has revealed in Scripture. This doesn’t mean that other sources are irrelevant or unimportant; rather, it means that they should be evaluated in light of what God has said in his word.

The Role of Reason

While biblical epistemology emphasizes the authority of the Bible, it also recognizes the role of reason and logic in understanding the world. This means that we should use our God-given intellects to explore and investigate the world around us, seeking to understand it in light of what Scripture teaches.

For example: If we want to understand how the universe was created, we might look to both what science tells us about the natural world and what Scripture tells us about God’s creative power. By combining these two sources of knowledge, we can gain a more complete understanding than either one alone could provide.

The Limits of Human Knowledge

One of the key insights of biblical epistemology is that our human knowledge is always limited and fallible. We are finite creatures, with finite minds, and so we can never fully comprehend God or his ways. This means that even as we seek to know God more deeply through his word, we must always be humble and recognize our own limitations.

For example: We might be tempted to think that we have all the answers about a particular theological issue or biblical passage, but in reality there may be much that we don’t yet understand. By acknowledging our limitations and seeking God’s guidance through prayer and study, we can avoid falling into prideful or dogmatic thinking.


In conclusion, biblical epistemology is an approach to knowledge that emphasizes the authority of Scripture as the ultimate source of truth. It recognizes both the role of reason in understanding the world and the limits of human knowledge. By using these insights to guide our thinking, we can gain a deeper understanding of God’s will for our lives and for all creation.