Cognitive development is an essential aspect of psychology that deals with the growth and progression of a person’s thought processes. It refers to how individuals perceive, think, reason, and remember information over time.

Jean Piaget, a Swiss psychologist, developed the theory of cognitive development in children. According to Piaget’s theory, children go through four distinct stages of cognitive development: Sensorimotor, Preoperational, Concrete Operational, and Formal Operational.

An example of cognitive development in psychology is the concept of object permanence in infants. Object permanence is the ability to understand that objects continue to exist even when they are no longer visible. Infants initially believe that objects disappear when they can no longer see them; however, as they develop cognitively, they start to understand that objects still exist even when out of sight.

Object Permanence in Infants

Infants aged between 0-2 years experience significant cognitive growth as their brains develop new neural pathways and connections with every experience they have. At around 8 months old, infants begin to develop object permanence. Before this age, infants lack this understanding and believe that things disappear once out of sight.

For instance, if you take away a toy from an infant’s sight before they are eight months old, the infant will not look for it as it lacks the ability to know that it still exists somewhere else. However, once an infant develops object permanence skills at around eight months old or later on some occasions depending on their environmental experiences and stimulation level; they will start looking for the toy as they understand it still exists somewhere else.

The Importance Of Object Permanence Skills

Object permanence skills are vital as they help infants understand consistency and order in their environment leading to effective problem-solving abilities later on. For example, if an infant can find a hidden toy under a blanket or behind a pillowcase after understanding object permanence, they can use this skill when they lose something and look in the most likely places to find it.

Moreover, cognitive development in infants provides a foundation for future learning. As they grow and develop, they acquire new skills and abilities that build on their previous experiences. Understanding object permanence is just one of the many cognitive milestones infants experience during their early stages of development.

Conclusion

Cognitive development is an essential aspect of psychology that deals with how humans perceive, think, reason, and remember information over time. Object permanence is an example of cognitive development in children that helps them understand that objects continue to exist even if they are out of sight.

It is a fundamental skill that allows infants to understand consistency and order in their environment leading to effective problem-solving abilities later on. Understanding cognitive developmental stages helps parents and caregivers better understand the growth process of infants while providing quality care tailored to meet their needs at every stage.