Have you ever come across the term V4 3 in music theory and wondered what it means? Well, you are not alone.

V4 3 is a chord notation that is commonly used in music theory and analysis. In this article, we will explore what V4 3 means and how it is used in music.

What is a Chord?

Before diving into the specifics of V4 3, let’s first understand what a chord is. A chord is a group of three or more notes played together to create harmony. Chords are the building blocks of music and are used to create different moods and emotions.

Voice Leading

Voice leading refers to the movement of individual voices (or notes) within a chord progression. It is important because it can greatly affect the overall sound and feel of the music. When analyzing chords, we look at how each note moves from one chord to another.

V4 3 Notation

V4 3 stands for “fourth inversion, third above the bass”. To understand this notation, let’s break it down further.

In simpler terms, V4 3 indicates that we have a four-note chord where the fourth note is in the bass position, and there is an interval of a third between that bass note and its next highest note.


Let’s take an example to better understand V4 3 notation. Consider the C major chord in root position – C E G. If we add another note, A, to the top of this chord, we get a C major 7th chord – C E G A.

Now, let’s rearrange this chord so that the fourth note (A) becomes the bass note. This gives us an A minor 7th chord – A C E G. Since there is an interval of a third between the bass note (A) and its next highest note (C), this chord can be notated as V4 3.

Uses in Music

V4 3 notation is commonly used in music theory to analyze and understand complex chord progressions. It is also used by composers and arrangers to create unique and interesting harmonies.


In conclusion, V4 3 notation refers to a four-note chord with the fourth note in the bass position and an interval of a third between that bass note and its next highest note. It is a useful tool for analyzing and understanding complex harmonies in music. Understanding V4 3 notation can help you appreciate the intricacies of music theory and take your own compositions to new heights.