Have you ever heard the term “v v” in music theory and wondered what it meant? Well, you’re not alone!

The symbol “v” itself represents a chord progression that is commonly used in music theory. In this article, we’ll dive deeper into what “v v” means and how it can be used in your own musical compositions.

What is a Chord Progression?

Before we can fully understand what “v v” means, let’s first define what a chord progression is. A chord progression is a series of chords that are played one after the other. In most cases, these chords are played in a specific order to create a certain mood or feeling in the music.

Understanding Roman Numerals

In music theory, we use Roman numerals to represent each chord within a given key. The Roman numeral system allows us to easily transpose songs into different keys without having to change all of the chord names.

The Meaning of “v”

The symbol “v” represents the dominant chord within a key. In C major, for example, the dominant chord would be G major. When we see a “v” symbol in sheet music or chord charts, we know to play the dominant chord.

The Meaning of “v v”

Now that we understand what “v” means on its own, let’s take a look at what “v v” means when used together. The symbol “v v” represents the secondary dominant chord within a key. This means that it’s another dominant chord that resolves to another degree of the scale other than the tonic (or first) degree.

Examples of “v v”

One common example of using “v v” in music is during a bridge section or chorus where there is tension that needs to be resolved before returning back to the main theme.

In the key of C major, for example, we can use a “v v” chord progression by playing A7 (the secondary dominant chord of D) followed by D7 (the dominant chord of G). This creates tension and anticipation before resolving back to the tonic chord, C.

Another example could be in the key of G major where we can use a “v v” chord progression by playing E7 (the secondary dominant chord of A) followed by A7 (the dominant chord of D) which again creates tension before resolving back to the tonic chord.


In summary, “v v” is a musical shorthand that represents a secondary dominant chord within a key. This simple symbol has been used in countless songs throughout history to create tension and anticipation within a piece of music. So next time you come across this symbol in sheet music or hear it being played in a song, you’ll know exactly what it means!