Social class is a concept that has been debated and analyzed for centuries. There are many different theories about social class, but one that has gained significant attention is the Marxist theory. In this article, we will explore what the Marxist theory says about social class.

What is the Marxist Theory?

The Marxist theory, also known as Marxism, is a social, political, and economic ideology developed by German philosopher Karl Marx. The theory argues that society is divided into two classes – the bourgeoisie and the proletariat.

The bourgeoisie are the owners of the means of production (factories, land, etc. ), while the proletariat are those who work for the bourgeoisie.

Marxism argues that capitalism creates inequality between these two classes because the bourgeoisie exploit the proletariat by paying them less than their labor is worth. This creates surplus value, which results in profits for the bourgeoisie. According to Marxism, this exploitation leads to class conflict and revolution.

What Does Marxism Say About Social Class?

Marxism argues that social class is determined by an individual’s relationship to the means of production. Those who own and control these means belong to the ruling or capitalist class while those who don’t belong to working or proletarian class.

According to Marxists, there is a constant struggle between these two classes where each tries to maintain its power over society. The ruling or capitalist class does this by keeping wages low and exploiting workers while workers try to form unions or organizations that can fight against these exploitative practices.

The Bourgeoisie

The bourgeoisie are those who own and control the means of production in society. They are also known as capitalists or owners of capital in society. Marxists believe that they use their wealth and power to dominate and exploit workers.

The bourgeoisie have been accused of using their wealth to influence politics in their favor through lobbying efforts or political donations. Additionally, they have been accused of manipulating the media and education system to maintain their power over society.

The Proletariat

The proletariat are those who have to sell their labor to earn a living. They are the working-class people who make up the majority of society. Marxists believe that they are exploited by the bourgeoisie because they have no other means of earning a livelihood.

The proletariat have been accused of being alienated from society due to their inability to control their work and life. Additionally, they have been accused of being divided by race, gender, and other factors, which makes it difficult for them to unite against the bourgeoisie.

Conclusion

In conclusion, Marxism argues that social class is determined by an individual’s relationship to the means of production in society. The bourgeoisie are those who own and control these means while the proletariat are those who work for them. Marxism believes that this inequality leads to class conflict and revolution.

Marxists argue that capitalism creates a constant struggle between these two classes where each tries to maintain its power over society.

Overall, Marxism offers a unique perspective on social class and its role in society. It highlights the importance of understanding how power and wealth influence our lives and how we can work towards creating a more just and equitable world for all people regardless of their social class.