What Does the Church Say About the Evolution Theory?


Vincent White

The theory of evolution has been a topic of debate for centuries, with many individuals and institutions taking various positions on the matter. The Church, as an institution, has also had its say on the theory of evolution.

What is Evolution Theory?

Evolution theory is a scientific explanation for how species evolve and change over time. It suggests that all living things share a common ancestor and have evolved through natural selection over millions of years.

The Catholic Church’s Position

The Catholic Church has taken various positions on the theory of evolution over time. In 1950, Pope Pius XII issued an encyclical titled ‘Humani Generis,’ which stated that Catholics are free to believe in evolution as long as they accept that God created the soul.

In 1996, Pope John Paul II went a step further and acknowledged that evolution was “more than just a hypothesis” and that it was compatible with Catholic teachings. He also stated that there was no conflict between the theory of evolution and the doctrine of faith.

The Importance of Human Dignity

One area where the Church has been clear is in its emphasis on human dignity. The Church teaches that every human being is created in the image of God and has inherent dignity and worth. This teaching is in contrast to evolutionary theories that suggest humans are simply another species among many.

The Role of God

Another area where the Church has emphasized its position is on the role of God in creation. While accepting that evolution can explain how species have changed over time, the Church maintains that God is ultimately responsible for creation.


In conclusion, while there have been various positions taken by individuals within the Church regarding evolution theory, it is clear that acceptance or rejection of this scientific explanation does not conflict with Catholic teachings. The most important thing for Catholics to remember is that the Church emphasizes the inherent dignity of every human being and the role of God in creation.