What Does the Catholic Church Say About the Theory of Evolution?


Vincent White

The Theory of Evolution is a hotly debated topic among religious circles, and the Catholic Church is no exception. While some may believe that the Church is staunchly against the theory, the truth is far more nuanced than that.

What is Evolution?

At its core, Evolution is a scientific theory that explains how living organisms change over time through natural processes such as mutation and selection. It suggests that all life on Earth shares a common ancestry and has evolved from simple single-celled organisms to complex beings like humans.

The Catholic Church’s Stance on Evolution

The Catholic Church has had a long-standing interest in science and technology, and it has often been at the forefront of scientific advancements. When it comes to evolution, the Church’s official stance is that there is no inherent conflict between faith and science.

In 1950, Pope Pius XII issued an encyclical called “Humani Generis,” which addressed the question of evolution. In it, he stated that Catholics are free to believe in evolution as long as they accept certain conditions.

One of these conditions was that Catholics must believe that God created everything in existence, including human beings. The Pope also stressed that any evolutionary theory must not contradict with Catholic teachings regarding original sin or the creation of Adam and Eve.

In 1996, Pope John Paul II further elaborated on this stance by stating that evolution was “more than just a hypothesis” and had received scientific support from various fields of study. He also emphasized that Catholics should not view God’s role in creation as something to be explained away by science but rather something to be celebrated alongside it.

The Role of Adam and Eve

One area where some may see a conflict between faith and evolution is in the question of Adam and Eve. If humans evolved from earlier species, then how can we reconcile this with the story of Adam and Eve?

The Catholic Church teaches that Adam and Eve were real historical figures who were the first human beings created by God. However, the Church does not require Catholics to believe in a literal interpretation of the creation story.

Instead, it emphasizes that the important message to take away from the story is that humans were created in God’s image and have a special place in creation. The Church also recognizes that there are many ways to interpret scripture and encourages Catholics to engage in dialogue about these topics.


In conclusion, while some may view evolution and faith as inherently at odds with one another, this is not necessarily the case for Catholics. The Catholic Church has a nuanced stance on evolution that emphasizes both faith and reason.

Catholics are free to believe in evolution as long as they accept certain conditions such as the belief in God’s role in creation. While there may be questions about how to reconcile certain aspects of Catholic teaching with evolutionary theory, the Church encourages dialogue and engagement on these topics.


  • https://www.catholicnewsagency.com/resources/apologetics/faith-science-and-evolution/the-catholic-church-and-evolution
  • https://www.ncronline.org/news/opinion/what-catholic-church-teaches-about-evolution
  • https://www.americamagazine.org/faith/2019/08/13/catholic-evolution-our-faith-not-threatened-science-it-enhanced-it