Cognitive psychology, as the name suggests, is a branch of psychology that deals with cognitive processes such as perception, attention, memory, language, and problem-solving. It focuses on how humans acquire, process, and retain information. However, with the advent of neuroscience in the past few decades, cognitive psychology has gained a new perspective on understanding these processes.

What is Neuroscience?

Neuroscience is the study of the nervous system, including the brain and spinal cord. It involves various techniques such as brain imaging and electrophysiology to study brain structure and function.

How does Neuroscience contribute to Cognitive Psychology?

Neuroscience has added a new dimension to cognitive psychology by providing insight into the neural basis of cognitive processes. It has helped researchers understand how different regions of the brain are involved in various cognitive functions.

For example, research using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) has shown that different regions of the brain are activated during different stages of memory processing. The hippocampus is involved in encoding new memories while the prefrontal cortex is responsible for retrieving them.

Similarly, research using electroencephalography (EEG) has shown that attentional processes involve specific neural oscillations in different frequency bands. Alpha oscillations are associated with inhibiting irrelevant information while gamma oscillations are related to selective attention.

Advantages of incorporating Neuroscience into Cognitive Psychology

1. Provides a comprehensive understanding: Combining neuroscience and cognitive psychology provides a more complete understanding of cognitive processes than studying them separately.

2. Enables better diagnosis and treatment: Understanding the neural basis of cognitive disorders can lead to more accurate diagnosis and Targeted treatments.

3. Facilitates interdisciplinary research: Incorporating neuroscience into cognitive psychology creates opportunities for interdisciplinary research that can lead to groundbreaking discoveries.

Challenges in incorporating Neuroscience into Cognitive Psychology

1. Complexity: The nervous system is incredibly complex; therefore, studying the neural basis of cognitive processes requires sophisticated techniques and equipment. Limitations of brain imaging: Brain imaging techniques such as fMRI have limitations, such as poor temporal resolution, making it difficult to study fast cognitive processes. Interpretation: Neuroscience findings can be difficult to interpret as neural activity is not always directly related to cognitive processes.


Incorporating neuroscience into cognitive psychology has opened up new avenues for understanding the neural basis of cognitive processes. It has provided researchers with a more comprehensive understanding of how the brain carries out complex information processing. However, there are still challenges that need to be addressed in this interdisciplinary field.