Metaphysics is a branch of philosophy that deals with the study of the fundamental nature of reality, existence, and the universe. It explores questions such as “What is the nature of reality?

“, “What is the meaning of life?” and “What is existence?” In this article, we’ll delve deeper into what metaphysics actually means.

Origins of Metaphysics

The term “metaphysics” was coined by Aristotle, who used it to refer to a collection of his philosophical writings that followed his work on physics. These writings dealt with concepts beyond the physical world, such as being, substance, and cause. Over time, metaphysics became a separate branch of philosophy.

What Does Metaphysics Mean?

At its core, metaphysics asks questions about the nature of reality and existence. It examines concepts such as time, space, causality, identity and essence. Metaphysicians seek to understand these concepts at their most fundamental level.

The Nature of Reality

One question that metaphysicians ask is “What is real?” This may seem like an easy question to answer – we experience reality every day through our senses.

However, things are not always what they seem. For example, optical illusions show us that our senses can be deceived.

Metaphysicians examine what exists in reality beyond our perceptions. They question whether there are things that exist beyond what we can see or touch – perhaps even alternate dimensions or universes.


Another area that metaphysicians explore is causality – the relationship between cause and effect. They ask questions like “What causes events to occur?” and “Is everything caused by something else?”

Metaphysicians also examine whether causality applies universally – whether everything in existence must have a cause or whether there are events or phenomena that occur without any cause.

Identity and Essence

Finally, metaphysicians explore the concepts of identity and essence. They ask questions such as “What makes something what it is?” and “What is essential to the identity of an object?”

For example, what makes a chair a chair? Is it its physical structure or its intended use? Metaphysicians argue that the answer to this question may vary depending on one’s perspective and the context in which the question is asked.

The Importance of Metaphysics

At first glance, metaphysics may seem like an esoteric pursuit with little practical value. However, its concepts are fundamental to many other areas of philosophy and science.

For example, theories about the nature of time and space developed in metaphysics have had far-reaching implications in physics. The study of causality has led to important insights in fields such as psychology and economics.


In conclusion, metaphysics is a branch of philosophy that examines fundamental questions about reality, existence, and the universe. It explores concepts such as causality, identity, essence, time and space. While it may seem abstract at first glance, its ideas have far-reaching implications across many fields.